Land Use Practices in the Rural and Urban Sub Catchments of River Rwizi, Western-Uganda; Their Effect on Its Ecological Characteristics
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The water quality of river Rwizi has increasingly become a concern at community, district and national levels, serving a wider catchment in the south western part of Uganda. With the increasing national human population, there has been an increase in land use activities posing a risk of degradation. This study assessed the land use practices around river Rwizi and the effects they have on the ecological situation of the river. Cross sectional and descriptive research designs were employed in studying the effects of land use practices on the ecological characteristics of the river. Both quantitative and qualitative data analysis techniques were used in analyzing the field data. The findings indicate that several land use practices are done around the river and adverse effects have also resulted from these activities. Existing policies and laws on the management of water resources need to be strengthened. Collaborative management should be emphasized to ensure effective management of this river.